Coral Reefs

Spatial Patterns and Dimensions (General)

Spatial Patterns and Dimensions (GBR)


Biophysical Interactions

Dynamic of weather and climate

Geomorphologic and Hydrologic Processes

Biological Processes (Invasion, modification and succession)



Why is it at risk?

It is vulnerable.

Reasons for management:

Types of Natural Stress:

Adjustment to Natural Stress:

Nature and Rate of Change

Human Impacts

Management Practices


Present day traditional

Evaluation of Traditional

Evaluation of current